Concussions = Brain Injuries

Concussion Information Sheet

The overriding rule is: "If in doubt,  take them out!"

Triggers You Notice:

  • Hard Collision

  • Loss of Consciousness

  • Lying motionless on ground/Slow to Get Up

  • Balance difficulties, Unsteady Standing or Walking

  • Falling to the Ground

  • Holding head

  • Dazed/Confused/Disoriented

  • Slurred Speech

  • Inability to appropriately respond to questions

  • Blank or Vacant Look

  • Fencing Response (Ref)

  • Facial cut, bruise

  • Seizure/Convulsion

  • Significant change in behavior/mood

  • Restless, Agitated, or Combative

  • Slurred speech

  • Inability of athlete to stop crying




Triggers the Athlete Reports:

  • Headache (severe or increasing)

  • Neck Pain

  • Feels like going to vomit

  • Nausea

  • Dizzy

  • Vision blurry

  • Vision double

  • Radiating pain/tingling in arms or legs

  • Numbness/tingling arms or legs

  • Sensitivity to light

  • Sensitivity to noise

  • “I don’t feel right”

  • "I can't think clearly" 

  • "I feel sluggish, groggy"

  • "I feel very tired"

  • "I feel nervous"

  • "I feel sad"

  • Memory loss



It seems not a day goes by in the sports world without mention of concussions.

Concussion. "He got his bell rung." "He got dinged." "I saw stars." "I'm in a fog." Mild Traumatic Brain Injury. Traumatic Brain Injury. Head Injury. Blow to the head. Mild concussion. Concussion protocol. 

The April 2017 Concussion in Sport Group consensus statement described the confusion in terminology regarding the term concussion.

And another group of experts stated, "there is no universally adopted set of guidelines for concussion management." (Ref)

The most recent guidelines were published in April 2017 called:

Consensus statement on concussion in sport—the 5th international conference on concussion in sport held in Berlin, October 2016

CDC CTE Information Sheet